The department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2) was founded at Chalmers University of Technology on May 1, 2017. The department consists of seven different divisions within the areas of engineering and maritime sciences, and one division of administration and support. The department is characterized by an international environment with employees and students from around the world, as well as outstanding research and world class education. The department holds one of Sweden’s most extensive simulator centre for navigation and propulsion of ships, as well as world class laboratories within combustion engineering and wind tunnels. M2 conducts basic and applied research in areas such as increased security, energy efficiency and material optimization of sustainable technology solutions across all modes of transport. The department contributes to bachelor and master programs in engineering and the maritime education programs (Master Mariner, Marine Engineer, and Shipping and Logistics). In addition, further education is performed on both a national and international level, with specially designed mission training for different social actors, within our ambition for a lifelong learning. The department continuously strives to establish a cooperation between academia, industry, and society, with a great focus on utilization.


Information about the division
The Division of Maritime Studies at M2 offers a creative interdisciplinary working environment, which together with the division of Marine Technology covers most perspectives of shipping related research and education. The division of Maritime Studies has three units; Maritime Operation and Management, Maritime Human Factors and Maritime Environmental Science. The common denominator of the research carried out at the unit Maritime Environmental Science is the aim to contribute to sustainable development of shipping and other maritime activities. We are keen on utilization of our research results, why networking and collaborations with stakeholders are central.

Shipping is estimated to account for 90% of all transported goods (IMO) and since the late 1990s the negative environmental impact from ships, primarily on air quality, on local, regional and global scales has gained increased awareness. At the unit of Maritime Environmental Science we carry out research to evaluate the environmental impact from ships and shipping, to provide the shipping industry and legal authorities with solid scientific background on where and how to improve technology and/or legislation to ensure sustainable development of shipping.

We are now looking for a talented and motivated PhD-student with an interest in maritime environmental science. The PhD-position will be connected to one of six projects, all include measurements i.e. experimental and/or field work, assessments and possible solutions towards more sustainable shipping:

1. Emissions of pollutants to air related to combustion e.g. particulate matter, SOX, NOX and CO2 connected to the type of fuel used. The effect of different abatement technologies such as scrubbers and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR). Examples of research questions: The effect and reduction possibilities of particulate matter emissions from exhausts passing a scrubber. 

2. Emissions of greenhouse gases from refrigeration plants onboard ships. Examples of research questions: Analysis and optimisation of refrigeration plants onboard ships, both at component and system level, to minimize the emission of greenhouse gases.

3. Discharge of pollutants to water e.g. antifouling paints, grey-, black- bilge- and scrubber water, food waste and oil spills. Examples of research questions: Environmental risk assessment of the complex chemical mixture of chemicals discharged by ships; Develop handheld X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) applications to determine metal concentrations in e.g. biota, and on particles in harbors and ship lanes; Importance of turbulent mixing in shipping lanes for dilution of pollutants discharged by ships.

4. Environmental impacts from shipping by systems analysis, including Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Mass Flow Analysis (MFA), MCA etc), and decision support for impact prevention and resource use minimisation to support decision makers

5. Future zero-emission marine energy carriers. Example of research questions: What energy carriers and propulsion technologies are long term sustainable choices in 2050 and beyond from an environmental and cost perspective; Development of future zero emission ship concepts.

6. Propulsion systems. System design and engine optimisation including exhaust abatement. Example of research questions: Studies of/design of innovative hybrid propulsion systems

Please rank the most suitable topic, or topics (maximum three), motivated by your educational background and interest. Your competence in relation to the selected topic(s) will be evaluated and form the basis for the selection of candidate. We strongly encourage you to contact the unit prior to submitting your application, for a closer discussion on potential project ideas, see contact person below.

Major responsibilities
Your major responsibilities as a PhD student is to pursue your own doctoral studies. You are expected to develop your own scientific concepts and communicate the results of your research verbally and in writing. Your research will be supervised by well-reputed senior researchers at the involved departments. PhD studies also includes a number of doctoral courses, reviewing literature, designing research studies, interacting with industrial companies, collecting and analysing empirical data, and reporting research results.

Position summary
The position generally also includes teaching on Chalmers' undergraduate level or performing other duties corresponding normally to 10 % of working hours. The position is a full-time temporary employment limited to a maximum of 4,5 years (assuming 10 % departmental duties). The starting date is tentatively after the summer of 2017, but somewhat flexible.

After completing PhD studies at Chalmers University of Technology, you will be in great demand from Swedish as well as international industry, and you will have an excellent basis for further academic research as well. Candidates with any nationality are welcome to apply.

Qualifications
A Master of Science degree in marine or maritime science; e.g. marine biology or chemistry, atmospheric chemistry, oceanography, engineering. Meritorious courses in your MSc-exam are Statistical courses.

Excellent ability to speak, read, write and present in English is mandatory. To be successful you have to be highly motivated, have a problem solving ability and enjoy working both by yourself and in close cooperation with others. If Swedish is not your native language, you are encouraged to learn it during your employment. Chalmers offers Swedish courses.

Chalmers continuously strives to be an attractive employer. Equality and diversity are substantial foundations in all activities at Chalmers.

Application procedure
The application should be marked with Ref 20170245 and written in English. The application should be sent electronically and be attached as pdf-files, as below:

CV: (Please name the document: CV, Family name, Ref. number)
• Include two references who we can contact; please note that It is highly recommended that you include letters of recommendation from your two references in your application, as we typically get a large number of applications and it is not feasible for us to request individual letters for more than two or three top candidates.

Personal letter: (Please name the document as: Personal letter, Family name, Ref. number) 
• 1-3 pages where you introduce yourself and present your qualifications.
• Previous research interests and experience.
• Future goals and research focus in relation to the specific project(s) for which you are applying. 

Other documents:
• Copies of master’s or bachelor's theses where appropriate (or URL link where we can retrieve it)
• If possible, please include shorter samples of other technical texts that you have authored or co-authored (e.g. a paper or a report on a smaller project).
• Attested copies and transcripts of completed education, grades and other certificates, eg. TOEFL test results.

Please use the button at the foot of the page to reach the application form.Please submit all of your materials as a single PDF file when possible, or failing that a small number of PDF files. Do not use zip files unless absolutely necessary. Submit no other document formats. 

Application deadline: 10 June 2017

For questions, please contact:
Senior Lecturer Kent Salo, unit head
kent.salo@chalmers.se 
+46 31 772 5656

Assoc prof. Ida-Maja Hassellöv, 
Maritime Studies, 
ida-maja@chalmers.se
+46(0)704781849

*** Chalmers declines to consider all offers of further announcement publishing or other types of support for the recruiting process in connection with this position.
 *** 
   



Chalmers University of Technology conducts research and education in engineering sciences, architecture, technology-related mathematical sciences, natural and nautical sciences, working in close collaboration with industry and society. The strategy for scientific excellence focuses on our eight Areas of Advance; Building Futures, Energy, Information & Communication Technology, Life Science, Materials Science, Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Production and Transport. The aim is to make an active contribution to a sustainable future using the basic sciences as a foundation and innovation and entrepreneurship as the central driving forces. Chalmers has around 11,000 students and 3,000 employees. New knowledge and improved technology have characterised Chalmers since its foundation in 1829, completely in accordance with the will of William Chalmers and his motto: Avancez!